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解读苹果与高通的专利战_高鹰生殖中心

来源: 新华社
09:35:57

随身空间在魔法世界解读苹果与高通的专利战

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    高通和苹果之间的专利诉讼持续了近两年,最近取得了新的进展。

    原标题:近两年来苹果与高通、苹果之间的专利之战有了新的进展。昨天(12月10日),高通宣布,福州中级人民法院批准了高通关于对苹果在中国的四个子公司实施两项初步禁令的请求,要求苹果立即停止在中国进口和销售两部高通专利手机,涉及公关。包括苹果在内的Outcts从2014到2017。所有的手机都在这两个之间启动。我们非常重视与客户的关系,很少向法院求助,但我们始终坚信需要保护知识产权。“苹果一直受益于我们的知识产权,同时拒绝补偿相关成本。这些法院指令进一步证实了高通公司庞大的专利组合的力量。据报道,诉讼涉及的专利之一涉及调整手机照片的大小和外观,另一项涉嫌与iPhone中的Force Touch功能有关。后来,苹果公司针锋相对的回答说:“高通公司又一次绝望地试图禁止我们的产品,就是它的违规行为正在被世界各地的监管机构调查。”苹果强调中国消费者仍然可以购买所有型号的iPhone。高通正提出三项他们以前从未提出过的专利,包括一项已经过期的专利,苹果将继续通过法律途径解决这些问题。自2017年以来,这两家公司也来自加利福尼亚州,已经在世界各地就专利纠纷提起长时间的诉讼和反诉。苹果指控高通向手机制造商收取不公平的高专利许可费,而高通则声称苹果偷走了其专利财产。福州中级法院的判决只是一个例子。在移动通信领域,高通是当之无愧的霸权。它不仅占据了当今高端智能手机芯片市场,而且通过巨大的专利授权,不断从市场上获得高额利润。其基于专利许可的商业模式受到质疑,世界各国和地区纷纷展开大规模的反垄断调查。虽然苹果公司已经在其产品中使用自主研发的A系列加工芯片,但是现代芯片不能绕过高通。调制解调器(Modem)芯片是整个手机的核心部分。它负责处理移动电话发送的模拟信号和通信。手机可以打电话和上网,一切都取决于它。早期,苹果主要使用英飞凌提供的调制解调器芯片。自2011以来,苹果开始在iPhone 4S中使用高通调制解调器芯片。长期以来,iPhone一直占据着高端手机市场的主导地位,在全球手机行业中占据了超过90%的利润。为了抢占苹果作为大客户,高通与苹果签署了一项秘密协议,给予苹果高折扣,以确保它只购买高通产品。在智能手机飞速发展的今天,高通与苹果的合作非常紧密。但是随着近年来全球智能手机市场逐渐饱和,iPhone的销量也出现了下滑,依靠价格上涨来掩盖销量的下滑。问题出现在这里。高通对每部手机的专利许可费不是配额,而是决定许可费的价格基准。通常,手机制造商需要向高通支付专利许可费约占总价格的3.25%。不仅是苹果,还有大多数手机品牌,如华为、三星和小米。所有费用必须支付给他们。随着苹果公司继续提高iPhone的价格,支付给高通公司的专利许可费也在上涨。以2017年销售的iPhone 7为例,这款手机的初始售价为5388元,每台都必须向高通支付175.11元的专利费。从今年起,价格已升至8699元,付给高通公司的专利费已升至282.7元。苹果公司认为,其平均价格的上涨是由于其在移动屏幕、触摸屏、相机和其他领域不断创新,而这些领域与高通公司无关。”苹果公司首席执行官Cook说,高通坚持对与它们无关的技术收取专利费。之后,苹果开始试图绕过高通,选择其他制造商提供的调制解调器芯片。2017,苹果开始在iPhone 7的某些部分使用英特尔的Modem芯片。然而,当时英特尔的技术尚不成熟。为了弥补不同型号iPhone在使用上的差异,据报道,苹果公司使用高通基带限制了iPhone的性能。(高通(Qualcomm)在2017年1月对苹果(Apple)的诉讼中指出了这一点。)关于今年推出的最新版本的iPhone,苹果已经完全采用了英特尔的调制解调器芯片。这就是为什么前两个伙伴开始互相争斗的原因。在较早的争端中,两家公司也争夺专利许可的合法性。随着苹果公司今年完全转向英特尔,高通公司开始起诉苹果公司窃取高通公司的技术并与英特尔共享。据彭博社(Bloomberg)报道,苹果和高通在全球范围内有100多起官司,分析人士说,苹果公司未支付的专利费可能从25亿美元到40亿美元不等。诉讼之争围绕着高通和苹果之间的诉讼争议展开,几乎可以写出整个纪事。双方继续在各地提起诉讼,以前达成的密切合作秘密协议现在成了相互攻击的武器。2016年12月,韩国公平贸易委员会(KFTC)宣布高通在专利许可和现代芯片销售方面存在不公平的商业行为,并发布了1.03万亿韩元(8.54亿美元)的反垄断罚款。今年1月,联邦贸易委员会(FTC)也宣布将对高通展开反垄断调查。美国联邦贸易委员会(Federal Trade Commission)表示,高通(Qualcomm)利用自身作为某些基带处理器供应商的优势,向移动制造商强加繁琐、反竞争的供应和许可条款,削弱竞争对手。据报道,苹果是调查的幕后黑手。从那时起,苹果就对外界说,高通扣押了10亿美元的专利许可费作为报复,但高通称苹果的索赔“毫无根据”。在联邦贸易委员会宣布对高通进行调查三天后,苹果在美国对高通公司提起了10亿美元的诉讼,随后几个月内在中国和英国提起了类似的诉讼。2017年5月,高通开始反击苹果,对美国包括富士康在内的四家苹果制造商提起诉讼,称他们拒绝为苹果产品支付专利许可费。高通公司执行副总裁兼总法律顾问罗森博格(Don Rosenberg)说:“如果不支付他们同意的公平合理的专利费,我们就不能允许这些制造商和苹果公司使用我们宝贵的知识产权。”今年7月,高通在美国对苹果公司提起反销售诉讼,指出苹果侵犯了高通公司拥有的六项与手机性能有关的专利,延长了手机的使用期限,甚至为其中五项专利提供了草图。高通相信这些发明是每部iPhone的核心。2017年底,高通还对苹果在中国提起诉讼。昨天,福州中级法院的判决来自诉讼。这就是为什么福州中级法院的禁令不包括苹果公司2018年发布的最新手机,iPhone Xs,iPhone Xs Max和iPhone XR,因为这三款手机尚未发布。虽然高通和苹果之间的诉讼正在杀死你,杀死你,事实上,两家公司都不打算杀死对方。许多分析家认为,双方的目的是迫使对方回到谈判桌上来,争夺谈判筹码。迄今为止,苹果一直是高通公司最大的客户来源。在失去苹果之后,高通公司的盈利数据近年来急剧下降。自2017年第二季度以来,苹果拒绝向高通支付专利许可费,2017财年的收入为223亿美元,比2016财年的236亿美元下降了5%,净利润为25亿美元,比2016财年的57亿美元下降了57%。高通在盈利报告中表示,收入和净利润的下降主要是由于苹果及其合同供应商拒绝支付专利许可费。2018财年,高通年收入227.32亿美元,比上年增长2%,但净利润损失48.64亿美元,这是高通上市以来的首次亏损。专利收入也下降了,2018年的总收入为51.63亿美元,比去年同期下降了20%。此外,据报道,在苹果之后,Android手机制造商三星和华为加入了拒绝支付高通专利许可费的行列,以迫使高通改变其专利许可模式。另一方面,高通公司必须应对来自世界各地的反垄断调查。今年1月,欧盟委员会宣布决定对高通公司处以9.77亿欧元(12.29亿美元)的罚款。今年发布的最新版本的iPhone由于信号质量差而经常受到用户的投诉。有些人认为iPhone信号质量差的原因是采用了英特尔的调制解调器芯片。在福州中级法院决定禁止销售一些型号的iPhone之后,最新消息显示苹果已经向法院提出上诉,要求推翻销售禁令。此前,中国政法大学知识产权研究中心的特别研究员李俊晖在接受《北京新闻》采访时说,苹果可以重新考虑禁令的申请,但在重新考虑期间不会影响执行。期间。李俊晖说,如果禁令已经颁布,苹果公司进口、销售并承诺销售相关手机将是非法的。目前,被禁止的iPhone 7和iPhone 7 Plus仍在苹果的官方网站上发布。Zhao Li,薛星星编辑,北京新闻记者,校对张艳军

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guan, ling yi xiang she xian yu iPhone zhong de Force Touch gong neng you guan. hou lai, ping guo gong si zhen feng xiang dui de hui da shuo:" gao tong gong si you yi ci jue wang di shi tu jin zhi wo men de chan pin, jiu shi ta de wei gui xing wei zheng zai bei shi jie ge di de jian guan ji gou diao cha." ping guo qiang diao zhong guo xiao fei zhe reng ran ke yi gou mai suo you xing hao de iPhone. gao tong zheng ti chu san xiang ta men yi qian cong wei ti chu guo de zhuan li, bao kuo yi xiang yi jing guo qi de zhuan li, ping guo jiang ji xu tong guo fa lv tu jing jie jue zhei xie wen ti. zi 2017 nian yi lai, zhe liang jia gong si ye lai zi jia li fu ni ya zhou, yi jing zai shi jie ge di jiu zhuan li jiu fen ti qi zhang shi jian de su song he fan su. ping guo zhi kong gao tong xiang shou ji zhi zao shang shou qu bu gong ping de gao zhuan li xu ke fei, er gao tong ze sheng cheng ping guo tou zou le qi zhuan li cai chan. fu zhou zhong ji fa yuan de pan jue zhi shi yi ge li zi. zai yi dong tong xin ling yu, gao tong shi dang zhi wu kui de ba quan. ta bu jin zhan ju liao dang jin gao duan zhi neng shou ji xin pian shi chang, er qie tong guo ju da de zhuan li shou quan, bu duan cong shi chang shang huo de gao e li run. qi ji yu zhuan li xu ke de shang ye mo shi shou dao zhi yi, shi jie ge guo he di qu fen fen zhan kai da gui mo de fan long duan diao cha. sui ran ping guo gong si yi jing zai qi chan pin zhong shi yong zi zhu yan fa de A xi lie jia gong xin pian, dan shi xian dai xin pian bu neng rao guo gao tong. tiao zhi jie tiao qi Modem xin pian shi zheng ge shou ji de he xin bu fen. ta fu ze chu li yi dong dian hua fa song de mo ni xin hao he tong xin. shou ji ke yi da dian hua he shang wang, yi qie dou qu jue yu ta. zao qi, ping guo zhu yao shi yong ying fei ling ti gong de tiao zhi jie tiao qi xin pian. zi 2011 yi lai, ping guo kai shi zai iPhone 4S zhong shi yong gao tong tiao zhi jie tiao qi xin pian. chang qi yi lai, iPhone yi zhi zhan ju zhe gao duan shou ji shi chang de zhu dao di wei, zai quan qiu shou ji hang ye zhong zhan ju le chao guo 90 de li run. wei le qiang zhan ping guo zuo wei da ke hu, gao tong yu ping guo qian shu le yi xiang mi mi xie yi, ji yu ping guo gao zhe kou, yi que bao ta zhi gou mai gao tong chan pin. zai zhi neng shou ji fei su fa zhan de jin tian, gao tong yu ping guo de he zuo fei chang jin mi. dan shi sui zhe jin nian lai quan qiu zhi neng shou ji shi chang zhu jian bao he, iPhone de xiao liang ye chu xian le xia hua, yi kao jia ge shang zhang lai yan gai xiao liang de xia hua. wen ti chu xian zai zhe li. gao tong dui mei bu shou ji de zhuan li xu ke fei bu shi pei e, er shi jue ding xu ke fei de jia ge ji zhun. tong chang, shou ji zhi zao shang xu yao xiang gao tong zhi fu zhuan li xu ke fei yue zhan zong jia ge de 3. 25. bu jin shi ping guo, hai you da duo shu shou ji pin pai, ru hua wei san xing he xiao mi. suo you fei yong bi xu zhi fu gei ta men. sui zhe ping guo gong si ji xu ti gao iPhone de jia ge, zhi fu gei gao tong gong si de zhuan li xu ke fei ye zai shang zhang. yi 2017 nian xiao shou de iPhone 7 wei li, zhe kuan shou ji de chu shi shou jia wei 5388 yuan, mei tai dou bi xu xiang gao tong zhi fu 175. 11 yuan de zhuan li fei. cong jin nian qi, jia ge yi sheng zhi 8699 yuan, fu gei gao tong gong si de zhuan li fei yi sheng zhi 282. 7 yuan. ping guo gong si ren wei, qi ping jun jia ge de shang zhang shi you yu qi zai yi dong ping mu chu mo ping xiang ji he qi ta ling yu bu duan chuang xin, er zhei xie ling yu yu gao tong gong si wu guan." ping guo gong si shou xi zhi xing guan Cook shuo, gao tong jian chi dui yu ta men wu guan de ji shu shou qu zhuan li fei. zhi hou, ping guo kai shi shi tu rao guo gao tong, xuan ze qi ta zhi zao shang ti gong de tiao zhi jie tiao qi xin pian. 2017, ping guo kai shi zai iPhone 7 de mou xie bu fen shi yong ying te er de Modem xin pian. ran er, dang shi ying te er de ji shu shang bu cheng shu. wei le mi bu bu tong xing hao iPhone zai shi yong shang de cha yi, ju bao dao, ping guo gong si shi yong gao tong ji dai xian zhi le iPhone de xing neng. gao tong Qualcomm zai 2017 nian 1 yue dui ping guo Apple de su song zhong zhi chu le zhe yi dian. guan yu jin nian tui chu de zui xin ban ben de iPhone, ping guo yi jing wan quan cai yong le ying te er de tiao zhi jie tiao qi xin pian. zhe jiu shi wei shen me qian liang ge huo ban kai shi hu xiang zheng dou de yuan yin. zai jiao zao de zheng duan zhong, liang jia gong si ye zheng duo zhuan li xu ke de he fa xing. sui zhe ping guo gong si jin nian wan quan zhuan xiang ying te er, gao tong gong si kai shi qi su ping guo gong si qie qu gao tong gong si de ji shu bing yu ying te er gong xiang. ju peng bo she Bloomberg bao dao, ping guo he gao tong zai quan qiu fan wei nei you 100 duo qi guan si, fen xi ren shi shuo, ping guo gong si wei zhi fu de zhuan li fei ke neng cong 25 yi mei yuan dao 40 yi mei yuan bu deng. su song zhi zheng wei rao zhe gao tong he ping guo zhi jian de su song zheng yi zhan kai, ji hu ke yi xie chu zheng ge ji shi. shuang fang ji xu zai ge di ti qi su song, yi qian da cheng de mi qie he zuo mi mi xie yi xian zai cheng le xiang hu gong ji de wu qi. 2016 nian 12 yue, han guo gong ping mao yi wei yuan hui KFTC xuan bu gao tong zai zhuan li xu ke he xian dai xin pian xiao shou fang mian cun zai bu gong ping de shang ye xing wei, bing fa bu le 1. 03 wan yi han yuan 8. 54 yi mei yuan de fan long duan fa kuan. jin nian 1 yue, lian bang mao yi wei yuan hui FTC ye xuan bu jiang dui gao tong zhan kai fan long duan diao cha. mei guo lian bang mao yi wei yuan hui Federal Trade Commission biao shi, gao tong Qualcomm li yong zi shen zuo wei mou xie ji dai chu li qi gong ying shang de you shi, xiang yi dong zhi zao shang qiang jia fan suo fan jing zheng de gong ying he xu ke tiao kuan, xue ruo jing zheng dui shou. ju bao dao, ping guo shi diao cha de mu hou hei shou. cong na shi qi, ping guo jiu dui wai jie shuo, gao tong kou ya le 10 yi mei yuan de zhuan li xu ke fei zuo wei bao fu, dan gao tong cheng ping guo de suo pei" hao wu gen ju". zai lian bang mao yi wei yuan hui xuan bu dui gao tong jin xing diao cha san tian hou, ping guo zai mei guo dui gao tong gong si ti qi le 10 yi mei yuan de su song, sui hou ji ge yue nei zai zhong guo he ying guo ti qi le lei si de su song. 2017 nian 5 yue, gao tong kai shi fan ji ping guo, dui mei guo bao kuo fu shi kang zai nei de si jia ping guo zhi zao shang ti qi su song, cheng ta men ju jue wei ping guo chan pin zhi fu zhuan li xu ke fei. gao tong gong si zhi xing fu zong cai jian zong fa lv gu wen luo sen bo ge Don Rosenberg shuo:" ru guo bu zhi fu ta men tong yi de gong ping he li de zhuan li fei, wo men jiu bu neng yun xu zhei xie zhi zao shang he ping guo gong si shi yong wo men bao gui de zhi shi chan quan." jin nian 7 yue, gao tong zai mei guo dui ping guo gong si ti qi fan xiao shou su song, zhi chu ping guo qin fan le gao tong gong si yong you de liu xiang yu shou ji xing neng you guan de zhuan li, yan chang le shou ji de shi yong qi xian, shen zhi wei qi zhong wu xiang zhuan li ti gong le cao tu. gao tong xiang xin zhei xie fa ming shi mei bu iPhone de he xin. 2017 nian di, gao tong hai dui ping guo zai zhong guo ti qi su song. zuo tian, fu zhou zhong ji fa yuan de pan jue lai zi su song. zhe jiu shi wei shen me fu zhou zhong ji fa yuan de jin ling bu bao kuo ping guo gong si 2018 nian fa bu de zui xin shou ji, iPhone Xs, iPhone Xs Max he iPhone XR, yin wei zhe san kuan shou ji shang wei fa bu. sui ran gao tong he ping guo zhi jian de su song zheng zai sha si ni, sha si ni, shi shi shang, liang jia gong si dou bu da suan sha si dui fang. xu duo fen xi jia ren wei, shuang fang de mu di shi po shi dui fang hui dao tan pan zhuo shang lai, zheng duo tan pan chou ma. qi jin wei zhi, ping guo yi zhi shi gao tong gong si zui da de ke hu lai yuan. zai shi qu ping guo zhi hou, gao tong gong si de ying li shu ju jin nian lai ji ju xia jiang. zi 2017 nian di er ji du yi lai, ping guo ju jue xiang gao tong zhi fu zhuan li xu ke fei, 2017 cai nian de shou ru wei 223 yi mei yuan, bi 2016 cai nian de 236 yi mei yuan xia jiang le 5, jing li run wei 25 yi mei yuan, bi 2016 cai nian de 57 yi mei yuan xia jiang le 57. gao tong zai ying li bao gao zhong biao shi, shou ru he jing li run de xia jiang zhu yao shi you yu ping guo ji qi he tong gong ying shang ju jue zhi fu zhuan li xu ke fei. 2018 cai nian, gao tong nian shou ru 227. 32 yi mei yuan, bi shang nian zeng zhang 2, dan jing li run sun shi 48. 64 yi mei yuan, zhe shi gao tong shang shi yi lai de shou ci kui sun. zhuan li shou ru ye xia jiang le, 2018 nian de zong shou ru wei 51. 63 yi mei yuan, bi qu nian tong qi xia jiang le 20. ci wai, ju bao dao, zai ping guo zhi hou, Android shou ji zhi zao shang san xing he hua wei jia ru le ju jue zhi fu gao tong zhuan li xu ke fei de hang lie, yi po shi gao tong gai bian qi zhuan li xu ke mo shi. ling yi fang mian, gao tong gong si bi xu ying dui lai zi shi jie ge di de fan long duan diao cha. jin nian 1 yue, ou meng wei yuan hui xuan bu jue ding dui gao tong gong si chu yi 9. 77 yi ou yuan 12. 29 yi mei yuan de fa kuan. jin nian fa bu de zui xin ban ben de iPhone you yu xin hao zhi liang cha er jing chang shou dao yong hu de tou su. you xie ren ren wei iPhone xin hao zhi liang cha de yuan yin shi cai yong le ying te er de tiao zhi jie tiao qi xin pian. zai fu zhou zhong ji fa yuan jue ding jin zhi xiao shou yi xie xing hao de iPhone zhi hou, zui xin xiao xi xian shi ping guo yi jing xiang fa yuan ti chu shang su, yao qiu tui fan xiao shou jin ling. ci qian, zhong guo zheng fa da xue zhi shi chan quan yan jiu zhong xin de te bie yan jiu yuan li jun hui zai jie shou bei jing xin wen cai fang shi shuo, ping guo ke yi chong xin kao lv jin ling de shen qing, dan zai chong xin kao lv qi jian bu hui ying xiang zhi xing. qi jian. li jun hui shuo, ru guo jin ling yi jing ban bu, ping guo gong si jin kou xiao shou bing cheng nuo xiao shou xiang guan shou ji jiang shi fei fa de. mu qian, bei jin zhi de iPhone 7 he iPhone 7 Plus reng zai ping guo de guan fang wang zhan shang fa bu. Zhao Li, xue xing xing bian ji, bei jing xin wen ji zhe, jiao dui zhang yan jun

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